In a world where conflict often dominates the headlines, there are countries that serve as peaceful paradigms. These nations have remarkably never engaged in war, making them sanctuaries of serenity in an otherwise turbulent world. Let’s dive deeper into the top 10 countries with no history of war, backed by actual data.
1. Iceland: A Peaceful Island in the North Atlantic
Iceland is renowned for its majestic landscapes and, more importantly, its long-standing history of peace. As of today, Iceland has no military forces, making it one of the few countries in the world without an army. The Global Peace Index (GPI) consistently ranks Iceland as one of the most peaceful countries, with a GPI score of 1.072 in 2021.
2. New Zealand: The Epitome of Tranquility
New Zealand is famous for its stunning natural beauty and commitment to peace. It has maintained its peaceful status over the years and, in 2021, ranked second on the Global Peace Index with a score of 1.192. This score reflects its low crime rate, political stability, and absence of military involvement in international conflicts.
3. Switzerland: The Art of Neutrality
Switzerland’s policy of armed neutrality has contributed to its long-lasting peace. This nation has not been involved in any foreign wars since 1815. In 2021, Switzerland ranked fourth on the Global Peace Index, boasting a score of 1.366, indicating its strong commitment to maintaining peace.
4. Bhutan: Pursuing Gross National Happiness
Bhutan’s unique philosophy of Gross National Happiness (GNH) extends to its commitment to peace. The absence of a military, combined with its focus on happiness and harmony, places Bhutan at the 16th spot on the 2021 Global Peace Index with a score of 1.548.
5. Costa Rica: A Nation without a Military
Costa Rica made a bold move in 1948 when it abolished its military. In 2021, it ranked 34th on the Global Peace Index, with a score of 1.710. The absence of military expenditures has allowed the nation to invest in education, healthcare, and environmental conservation.
6. Sweden: A Scandinavian Oasis of Peace
Sweden’s commitment to diplomacy and peace is reflected in its 2021 Global Peace Index ranking of 15th, with a score of 1.532. Its strong social welfare programs and dedication to human rights and equality have contributed to its peaceful status.
7. Austria: Europe’s Neutrality Champion
Austria’s location in the heart of Europe has not deterred it from maintaining a neutral stance in global conflicts. In 2021, Austria ranked 5th on the Global Peace Index, with a score of 1.295, underscoring its dedication to peace and diplomacy.
8. Portugal: Peaceful Haven by the Atlantic
Portugal, with its rich history and stunning coastline, has been an oasis of peace. In 2021, it ranked 4th on the Global Peace Index with a score of 1.267. Portugal’s commitment to diplomacy and peace has allowed it to flourish as a peaceful nation.
9. Denmark: Scandinavian Serenity
Denmark, along with its Scandinavian neighbors, has a long history of peace. In 2021, it ranked 6th on the Global Peace Index with a score of 1.337, reflecting its focus on social welfare, education, and healthcare.
10. Ireland: Literary Heritage and Peace
Ireland’s rich literary heritage is complemented by its peaceful existence. As of 2021, it ranked 11th on the Global Peace Index, with a score of 1.483, indicating its commitment to peaceful coexistence.
In a world often marred by conflict, these ten nations set an example of what can be achieved through diplomacy, neutrality, and a dedication to the well-being of their citizens. Their commitment to peace not only benefits their own populations but also serves as a source of inspiration for a more harmonious world.